Medical institutes are classified according to size, usage sequence, service content, and range. For lessserious diseases such as colds, and digestive trouble, aid recipients must go to a smaller clinic to gettreatment. If illness persists or a more thorough medical checkup is needed, recipients may then go toa general hospital to get treatment.
|Stages of medical
|Corresponding medical care institutes
|General practitioners’ offices, public health centers
|Clinics, general hospitals
|High-level general hospitals
|Outpatient medical treatment, vaccinations, health management
|Physical examination, hospitalization
|Intensive examination, medical treatment for disorder or disease, health management
|Public health centers, oriental medicine clinics, internal medicine, pediatrics, family medicine, health checkup centers
|General hospitals with specialized departments
|University hospital, etc.
|Treatment (not including surgery) for internal diseases
Treatment of digestive disease (throat, stomach, etc.), lung cancer, and diseases related to the heart,blood vessels, blood pressure, diabetes, etc.
|Care and treatment of infants and children under 18: Care of premature babies, treatment ofchildren’s diseases, allergies and others
|Obstetrics & Gynecology
|Pregnancy and childbirth, and the treatment of disorders affecting the female reproductive system
|Medical Division for Mental Health
|Treatment of mental illnesses and disorders
|Treatment of diseases related to the nervous system such as stroke, epilepsy, dementia, neuralgia, etc.
|Comprehensive healthcare provided to people regardless of age or gender, placing particularemphasis on the family unit
|Treatment of diseases related to the skin such as acne, hair loss, rashes, etc.
|Treatment of diseases requiring operations such as appendicitis, infections, or severe digestive disorders
|Treatment of disorders of the skeletal system and associated muscles by manual and instrumental means
|Eyelid reshaping and burn treatment to improve the shape and function of the body
|Treatment of diseases related to muscle, bone, and nervous systems by rehab specialist doctorsalong with physical therapists
|Treatment of disorders of the urinary tract including the kidneys and bladder, and reproductiveorgans such as the penis and the testicles
|Treatment of diseases related to the eyes and optical nerves such as cataracts, glaucoma, andcorrective operations for myopia
|Treatment for diseases related to the ears, nose, and throat
|Treatment for tooth decay and cavities including teeth straightening, dental prosthesis, and scaling
|Diagnosis and treatment of emergency patients
|Departments of internal medicine, gynecology, pediatrics, etc.
(8 subjects with oriental treatments)
|Treatments including acupuncture, herbal medicines and other medical practicesthat originated in Asia
Present your health insurance card at the front desk and wait to be called
When your name is called, explain your symptoms to the doctor
Ask the doctor any questions you have regarding his or her instructions
After the examination by the doctor, pay the bill and receive your prescription
Visit a pharmacy near the hospital, show the prescription and buy medicine
Get a referral from a doctor at a primary medical institution
Go to the secondary medical institution at your appointment time (be sure to arrive slightly early) andsubmit the referral from the primary medical institution
Proceed to the designated department for medical treatment
Receive your prescription; make an appointment for follow-up treatment, if necessary
Pay your medical bill at the counter before you leave
Medical supplies include prescribed medicines that require a prescription from a doctor and over-thecounter medicines that can be purchased at pharmacies without a prescription. There are varioustypes of over-the-counter medicines such as cold pills, digestive medicines, antipyretic pills, analgesicpills, ointments for injury, and antidiarrheal agents.
Insecticides, sanitary pads, health supplementary drinks, condoms, etc., can be purchased at retailstores such as convenience stores, as well as drug stores. Thirteen products among antipyretic andanalgesic pills, cold medicine, digestive medicines, and pain relief patches can be purchased at 24-hour convenience stores to be used in an emergency or to treat minor symptoms.
Basic first-aid medicines should be kept at home in order to treat common sicknesses and injuries.Many of these medicines are available at convenience stores, but it is still a good idea to keep a wellstocked first aid kit at home for emergency situations. This is particularly important for people wholive far away from a hospital. Basic first aid kits should include the following: