Immediate and proper treatment in the event of an emergency is crucial. In theevent of an emergency, provide basic first aid treatment (if applicable), and call 119(Emergency Rescue) or a nearby hospital for specialized and comprehensive care.
(1) Foreign Object (solid) in the Eye
Moving your eye can cause more serious damage to your eyes.Do not attempt to remove the object by yourself. Bandage theaffected eye(s), and close both of your eyes. Go to the hospitalimmediately for treatment.
(2) Broken or Pulled Out Tooth
Holding the tooth gently in your mouth, visit a dentistimmediately. If a tooth has come out completely, it can also becarried in a container of warm milk. It is not advisable to washthe tooth in water.
Tilt your head forward and gently pinch the lower part of yournose. Do not speak, swallow, or cough. Go to see a doctor ifyou are still bleeding after ten minutes. Even after the bleedingstops, keep your head down for a while and carefully washyour face with warm water. Avoid touching or bumping yournose.
In the event of a serious burn or a burn covering a wide area,dress the wound with sterilized gauze and go to the hospitalimmediately. While waiting to see a doctor, check for irregularbreathing, which could indicate serious complications. Forsmall burns, remove the clothes from around the affected area,cutting them with scissors if necessary to avoid contact withthe burn, and run the burn under cool water for at least 20minutes. Do not rub the wound or break any blisters. ApplyVaseline or an antibiotic ointment to protect the wound. Keepthe wounded area above heart level to reduce pain.
(5) Electric Shock
Immediately cut the power from the object to reduce the time ofshock and prevent additional shocks. When this is not possible,dress in clothes and gloves that do not conduct electricity, andrescue the affected person by removing the cause of the shock fromhis/her body. Check the breathing and pulse of the victim and makesure that he/she is conscious. Practice artificial respiration on him/her and perform CPR (heart massage) if needed. An electric shockcan cause an internal burn, even when the victim seems to be okay.Take the victim to the hospital immediately.
(6) Sunstroke and Heatstroke
Prolonged exposure to the sun can cause sunstroke. Heatstrokeoccurs when a person becomes overheated and cannot cool down.Move the affected person to a cool and shaded place. Removeexcess clothing, cover the person with a wet towel and fan him/heruntil the patient gets to the hospital.
Suffocation is the result of a lack of oxygen; signs of suffocationinclude a pale face and bulging eyes. If you suspect someone ishaving trouble breathing, bring the person to an airy place to helpbreathing and let him/her rest. Even if the person is not conscious,lie him on his face as long as he is still breathing. If the patientcannot breathe, begin artificial respiration immediately and take thepatient to a hospital for further treatment.
(8) Broken Bone
In the event of a dislocated or broken bone, sterilize the affectedarea, place the patient in a comfortable position and call rescuepersonnel. Do not try to set the bone yourself, but instead, elevatethe wounded area above heart level by propping it up on a blanketor pillow. In the event of a simple strain, bandage the wound widelyand tightly with an elastic bandage, and limit movement. Apply anice pack to help alleviate pain.
(9) Severed Fingers or Toes
A dismembered finger or toe can be reattached if properly takencare of. Stop bleeding by applying pressure to the wound andelevating it above heart level. Wrap the finger or toe in gauze, put itin a plastic bag with ice, and bring it to the hospital along with thepatient. Avoid touching the severed end.
본 저작물은 '한국건강가정진흥원'에서 '2020년' 작성하여 공공누리 제4유형으로 개방한 '한국생활가이드북'을 이용하였으며, 해당 저작물은 '한국건강가정진흥원, www.kihf.or.kr' 에서 무료로 다운받으실 수 있습니다.