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Middle School Education

The middle school curriculum is a three-year curriculum. Students are assigned to schools by lottery in eachregion and school group. For areas in which commuting is extremely inconvenient, the schools to attend areassigned according to the middle school groups designated by the superintendent of education. Likewisewith elementary school, middle school education is mandatory and free. Parents who do not send theirchildren to middle schools are subject to fines.

01 Content of Education

Based on accomplishments of elementary school education, middle school curriculum focuses ondeveloping basic abilities necessary for learning and daily life and fostering proper character anddemocratic citizenship.
Students learn at least eight subjects each semester and the subjects are as follows :

Content of Education
Course (category)Course hours for 1st to 3rd gradersMajor learning areas
Korean language442Listening, speaking, reading, writing, grammar, literature
Social studies (including history) and ethics510Politics, law, geographical awareness, history, relationship with oneself, etc.
Mathematics374Number and calculation, letters and formulas, functions, geometry, probability and statistics
Science, industrial arts, and home science/information680Force and motion, matter, biology, earth, family, technology applications, information culture, etc.
Physical education272Health, challenge, competition, expression, safety
Art (music, fine arts)272Expression, appreciation, habituation, experience
English340Listening, speaking, reading, writing
Optional170Chinese characters, environment, information, environment and green growth,foreign languages (German, French, Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, Russian,Arabic, Vietnamese), public health, career and occupation, etc.

02 Creative Experience Activities

Creative experiential activities are extracurricular activities divided into 4 types of activities; autonomousactivities, club activities, career development, and volunteer activities. Schools can utilize the activitiesflexibly considering the development of students and academic demand. The types and activities ofcreative experiential activities in middle school are as follows.

Creative Experience Activities
Autonomous activities
  • Self-governing and adaption activities
  • Creative theme activities
Forming amicable relationships with peers, fosteringindependent and rational problem-solving ability,experiencing research process in wide variety of topics, etc.
Club activities
  • Arts and sports
  • Academic cultural activities
  • Youth group activities
Forming artistic discrimination, healthy physical andmental development, increasing research and problemsolving capability, understanding and studying variouscultures, fostering knowledge for a social leader
Voluntary activities
  • Helping neighbors
  • Environmental protection
  • Campaign activities
Practicing volunteer works utilizing students’ interests and specialties
Career activities
  • Self-understanding activities
  • Career exploring
  • Career planning
Enforcing positive self-concept, career exploration
Useful Information
School Violence

School violence refers to acts including, but not limited to: assault, blackmail, enticement,defamation, threats, coercion, forcing favors, sexual violence, bullying, cyber bullying, and physical,mental or property damages caused by harassment through exposure to pornographic or violentinformation on computer networks. Behaviors that some may view as not serious/student pranksmay still constitute school violence and be subject to corresponding penalties.

Signs of a victim student
  • The child oversleeps, pretends to be sick to avoid going to school.
  • The child’s school grades fall suddenly or gradually.
  • The child looks unwell and is in lower spirits than usual.
  • The child reacts sensitively when you try to talk about school life or relationship with friends.
  • The child often leaves school early on excuse of being sick or for no apparent reasons.
  • The child gets irritated more often or becomes violent toward people around him/her.
  • The child often sits idle and can't concentrate on anything.
  • The child doesn’t want to go out and tries to stay home all the time.
  • The child can’t sleep well, or goes to the bathroom often.
  • The child talks about changing school or after-school academy.
  • The child asks for more money than usual, the smartphone charges are high, or the child looks nervous checking his/her smartphone.
  • The child doesn’t want to have school meals, and doesn’t want to go on group activities such as training, volunteer works, etc.
  • The child gets startled easily.

by The Blue Tree Foundation

Signs of victims of cyber-bullying
  • The child looks nervous, checks communicative devices often, and reacts to them sensitively.
  • The child repeatedly receives psychological attacks by a group in a group chatting.
  • The child asks for more pocket money or the charges on his/her online devices are too high.
  • The child extremely hates it when a parent touches or sees his/her communication devices and reacts sensitively.
  • The child gets disconcerted or emotionally distressed after going online and checking text messages or messengers.
  • The child gets called by demeaning nicknames or swear words online, and there are many taunts and slanders.
  • The status messages or photos on the child’s SNS become melancholy or negative.
  • The child spends too much time using a computer or communication devices.
  • People who are not very close to the parents know stories and rumors about the child.
  • The child unregisters from an SNS account or does not have an ID.

by The Blue Tree Foundation

Signs of an aggressor
  • The child has few talks with parents and gets angry often.
  • The child considers relationship with friends important and he/she returns home late or irregularly.
  • The child often hits other students or abuses animals
  • The child has often excuses for his/her problem behaviors, and has too much pride.
  • The child is impatient, impulsive, and violent.
  • The child gives excuses for his/her misbehavior.
  • The child tries to stand out with outfits, wearing too much makeup, tattoos, etc., to create sense of threat among his/her peers.
  • The child cannot distinguish between violence and jokes, and often gets involved in conflicts.
  • The child often uses swear words or expressions to belittle his/her friends.
  • The child posts remarks that belittle or attack other people on SNS.

by The Blue Tree Foundation

How To Report School Violence

The victim should immediately request counseling from his or her homeroom teacher, and reportany damages. If it is difficult, the victim may call the ☎117 School Violence Report Center foremergency rescue, protection, or counseling 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.

(1) Schools

School Violence Exclusive Unit

The parents must report to the homeroom teacher if the child has been a victim of school violence.After being notified by the parents, the homeroom teacher must report to the school violenceexclusive unit. The exclusive unit conducts an investigation of the matter and reports to the schoolprincipal. The exclusive unit deliberates self-resolution by heads of schools. If the case falls under theconditions for self-resolution and the victim and the parents agree, the school principal may resolvethe case autonomously. However, if the case does not fulfill the conditions for self-resolution or ifthe victim and the parents do not agree to it, the school must request deliberation by the schoolviolence deliberative committee established in the district office of education under the jurisdiction.

Wee Class (school counseling center)

This primary counseling class was created for students in crisis who are experiencing difficultywith school life due to various reasons. The class provides a counseling service to assist students inadapting to school life.

(2) Office of Education

Autonomous Committee for Countermeasures against School Violence

The autonomous committee for countermeasures against school violence is a legal committee in theoffice of education to deliberate matters related to the prevention of and countermeasures againstschool violence.
The autonomous committee deliberates on the prevention of and countermeasures against schoolviolence, protection of victim students, guidance and punishment of aggressor students, mediationof disputes between victim students and aggressor students, etc.

Wee Center (student counseling support center)

Wee Center is the secondary counseling organization established at the office of education level forstudents in crisis who cannot be helped by the school. The center provides one-stop services thatare customized for students, and offers a combination of professional diagnosis, counseling andtherapy.

Wee School

Wee School is the tertiary counseling organization established at offices of education of cities andcounties for students who require long-term therapy and education due to serious crises that resultin a suspension of education. It operates various counseling and therapy as well as commissionededucational services including alternative learning programs at boarding schools.

(3) Social Organizations and Enterprises

SOS Support Team on School Violence

SOS support team on school violence, operated by The Blue Tree Foundation, provides variousprograms such as school violence prevention, problem solving, and recovery for school violencevictims and attackers, families, and schools. Call for phone counseling (☎1588-9128) or visit thewebsite (

  • School violence integrated support center: Provides a multilateral integrated service includingpsychological, medical and legal services for victims and attackers; offers support by linking with aprofessional institution related to school Violence
  • School violence-specialized counseling center: Provides psychological counseling, treatment,interview counseling, group counseling, cyber counseling, visiting counseling, camps, education,etc.
  • School violence dispute settlement & conflict resolution center: provides settlement, disputeresolution program, conflict management, coaching, consulting, legal advice, etc. for recoveringrelationships between victims, attackers, families and schools, and resolving conflicts.
Help Call 1388 for Youth

Help Call 1388 is a counseling service for youth operated by the Ministry of Gender Equality andFamily. You may receive counseling on various things, including school violence or peer relationshipwith a professional counselor, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Call for phone counseling (☎1388),visit on-line (, or use with text message or kakaotalk (#1388).

Sangdami Ssam

Sangdami Ssam is a mobile psychological counseling service in which KB Kookmin Bank, theMinistry of Education, kakao, and the Korean Open Doctors Society support counseling andtreatment costs related to school violence. Search “Sangdami Ssam” from ‘KakaoTalk’ add asa friend, and send a message to get professional counseling. (Available hours: 10:00~24:00weekdays, not available on weekends and holidays) About 10 students deemed to be a victim,an inflictor, or in high risk of school violence can get KRW 800,000 support for psychotherapythrough screening every month.

  • Sangdami Ssam
    Click ‘Search Friend’
    icon from Friends list.
    Enter ‘Sangdami Ssam’
    in the search field and
    click the ‘Add Friend’ icon.
    Counseling will start
    when you enter ‘request
    counseling’ in the chat
Useful Information
"Wee Project" for Students Maladjusted to School or in Crisis

"Wee" stands for "WE + Education", and "WE + Emotion"

  • 1st Safe-net Wee Class
    • Established at each schoo
    • Detection and prevention of students maladjusted to schools leading them to enhance school adaptability
    • Normal students or students maladjusted to school (school violence, indanger of leaving school, bullying,peer relationships, media addiction,misdeeds, etc.)
  • 2nd Safe-net Wee Center
    • Established by Regional Education Offices
    • Customized assessing/counseling/treatment services for students in crisis
    • Students in crisis referred by schoolsbecause they are having difficulty in school
  • 3rd Safe-net Wee School
    • Established by Education Offices of Cities and Provinces
    • Commissioned educational services for students in crisis who need mid- to long-term intervention
    • Students in crisis who need mid tolong term treatment and Education
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