High school is comprised of a 3-year curriculum. Students who have graduated from middle schoolor have passed an equivalency test may enroll in high school. High schools are largely classified intogeneral, special purpose, specialized, and autonomous. Methods of admission differ by cities/provincesor schools. To ease the burden of school expenses, high school education with free admission fee,tuition, school operation fee, and textbooks is in progress for 2nd and 3rd year students in 2020,and will be extended to all students in 2021. Some private schools (autonomous private schools,special purpose schools, etc.) where admission fees and tuition are decided by the head of the schoolare excluded from free education. Students of families experiencing financial difficulties may receiveassistance or be exempted.
High school focuses on exploring career paths for the student’s aptitude and skills, fostering thequalities needed for a democratic citizen to communicate with the world, building on his or her middleschool education. One class takes 50 minutes, and the curriculum students learn covers the nationallanguage, mathematics, English, social studies (including history/ethics), science, physical education,arts, technology, homes/ second language/Chinese literature/liberal arts, etc. Subjects are divided intocommon and elective subjects. Students can choose the subjects they want to learn from the electives.Creative experiential activities are extracurricular activities such as autonomous activities, club, careerdevelopment, and volunteering activities that students participate in voluntarily. These activities areexpected to help students develop their potential and talents, while nurturing community spirit.
General High School
|High schools which provide general education throughout various areas. This type accountsfor the largest proportion of the high school types. Students are allocated and chosen by lotusing a computer according to their region, or are selected by the principal based on testscores or grades (GPA)|
Special Purpose High School
|This type of high school aims to provide specialized education in special areas. Specialpurpose high schools include schools for nurturing science talents (science high school),schools for talents competent in foreign language (foreign language high school), schools fornurturing international talents (international high school), schools for nurturing artists (artshigh school), schools for nurturing athletes (sports high school), and schools that are directlylinked with a specific industry (customized industry high school). Students are selected basedon an assessment of their independent learning abilities, which looks at school records,teacher recommendations, interviews, practical exam grades, etc. Significantly, science,foreign language, and international schools select 20% of their student from the grouprequiring social care.|
Specialized High School
|This type of school aims to nurture talents in specific areas, grouping students with similartalents, aptitudes, and abilities. It also provides experience-oriented professional education,including field study. Students can take various vocational trainings, such as agriculture,biotechnology, industry, commercial information, fishing, shipping, housekeeping, business,etc., according to the characteristics of school, in addition to regular courses such as Koreanlanguage, mathematics, English, social studies, etc. Students are selected based on schoolgrades, interviews, and a practical test.|
Autonomous High School
|This type of school is granted autonomy and accountability in school management, andprovides various specialized educational programs. Types include the “autonomous publichigh school” and the “autonomous private high school.” In an autonomous public highschool, students are allocated, chosen by computer depending on the region, or selectedbased on school grades or test scores. Autonomous private high schools select studentsbased on an assessment of each student’s self-directed learning ability; this can include theconsideration of school records, teacher recommendations, interviews, etc.|
|Subjects||Recipients for basic living expenses||Legally single parent||Legally next lowest income level||Income-asset inquirer||Recom-mended by class teacher|
|High school expenses||○||○||○||△||△|
|Recipients of national basic living securitySubjects of single-parent family protection|
Subjects of protection, belonging to the nextlowest income level (legally determined)Subjects of income and assets inquiry